Wing Chun Glossary
Learn the Lingo
Kim Yeung Ma (‘The Mother Stance’)
Translated as ‘Clamping the Goat Stance’ hence the inward turned knees and the feet. The overall shape is described as like the Eifell Tower. The torso is crunched – ie the stomach and the buttocks are pulled in.
Yat Chee Chung Chui (‘The Wing Chun Punch’)
Translates as character ‘sun’ thrusting punch. The fist is vertical and the striking area is concentrated on the ring finger knuckle.
Jung Seen or Chung Seen (‘Centre Line’)
Wing Chun’s main theory.
Huen Sau (‘Circling hand’)
The hand is rotated in circular fashion independently of the rest of the arm. In the form the rest of the arm is kept still.
Tan Sau (‘Palm up hand’)
The elbow is kept tight and the movement and the energy is forwards away from the body.
Wu Sau (‘Protecting Hand’)
Palm is kept upright with fingers pointing upwards and center of chest in forms.
Fook Sau (‘Subduing Hand’)
The hand covers over the arm of the opponent thus subduing possible attack. There is holding energy here but the hands themselves are relaxed to heighten sensitivity and reactions.
Pak Sau (‘Palm hand / Slap hand / Slap block’)
Use in defence and to open up attacks.
Fak Sau (‘Whisking hand’)
Huen Sau (‘Circling hand’)
Huen Jang (‘Circling elbow’)
Jurng (‘Palm strike with fingers facing upwards’)
Jik Jurng (‘Straight palm’)
Wang Jurng (‘Palm Strike with fingers facing outwards horizontally’)
Dai Jurng (‘Palm Strike that has the fingers facing downwards and has a rising trajectory’)
Biu Sau (‘Spearing hand’)
Biu Jee (‘Thrusting/spearing fingers’)
Gum Sau (‘pressing hand’)
Jum Sau Sau (‘Small chopping motion to deflect incoming attack/energy’)
Jut Sau (‘Jerk Hand’)
Jerks backs, used for recovering a lost position and to jerk opponent.
Bong Sau (‘Wing Arm’)
Arm is twisted outwards to a maximum with fingers pointing forwards’)
In the form the elbow should be slightly higher than the hand.
Lau Sau (‘Scooping Hand’)
scooping incoming leg attacks.
Tuut Sau (‘Release’ Hand – part of ‘anti-grab’)
Pien Su n Ma (‘Turning Stance’)
Biu Ma (‘Forward or thrusting step’)
Lan Sau (‘Bar arm or fence arm’)
Ding Sau (‘T – character hand or wedging in hand’)
Gaun Sau (‘Cultivating hand’)
Tok Sau (‘supporting the elbow hand’)
Elbow control hand actually and can be used for elbow break.
Chai Gerk (‘Stamp/stomp kick’)
Jik Tui (‘Front Thrust Kick’)
Lap Sau (‘Grab hand’)
Lap Geng (‘Grab neck technique’)
Man Sau or Mun Sau (‘Asking hand’)
More advanced terms:
Got Sau (‘Cutting hand’)
Ying Lap Sau (‘Grab hand whereby the palm is facing down’)
Yang Lap Sau (‘Grab hand whereby the palm is facing up’)
Chang Teen Sau or Chang Teen Jee (‘Fingers thrusting into the sky hand’)
Wang Jang (‘horizontal elbow’)
Hau Wang Jang (‘Reverse horizontal elbow’)
Cup Jang (‘covering elbow/downward elbow’)
Sing Jang (‘Rising elbow’)
Hau Dai Jang (‘Behind low elbow’)
Ngan Sun (‘spirit in the eyes/focus’)
Kiu Sau (‘Bridge arms’)
Ti Tan Sau (‘Iron Tan Sau’)
Ti Bo Yee (‘Iron Shirt’)
Ging (‘Kung Fu power/punch power’)
Chune Ging (‘Inch power as in 1 Inch Punch’)
Chum Ging (‘Power from sinking’)
Jang Ging (‘elbow power’)
Taan Ging (‘Whip power as in Mantis Power’)
Lap Ging (‘Grab Power’)
Jut Ging (‘ultra short range power like a spasm’)
Chung Ging (‘forward thrusting power. Normally used to describe overall forward attacking power’)
The word ‘Lik’ means strength or power. It is a more general term and covers strength that is not necessarily physical.
Loi Lik (‘Internal power’)
Gung Lik (‘the first part of Siu Lim Tau, the nurturing of power’)
Fak Ging (‘the release or execution of power’)
Gwa Chui (‘hanging fist/punch’)
Been Chui (‘Whip punch’)
Siu Been Chui (‘small whip punch or small back fist’)
Chok (‘means jolt. Normally combined with Lap Ging techniques’)
Mor (‘feel as in tactile’)
Fung Sau (‘trapping hands’)
Ngau (‘Hook, more prevalent in Southern Mantis styles’)
Tun (‘means swallow but in the Kung Fu sense it means bring in your stomach’)
Lap Gwut (‘Bring in your Ribs, again part of Ti Bo Yee’)
Huen Ma or Huen Bo (‘Circling Step’)
Kwun Sau (‘Stirring hands’)
Jeet Kune (‘Intercepting fist’)
Jeet Gurk (‘Intercepting Kick’)
Fung Ngan Chui (‘Phoenix Eye Fist’)
Pau Chui (‘Leopard Fist! Again in some strains of Wing Chun’)
Yik jurn (‘means Wing Palm. It is actually a horizontal palm but with the fingers facing inwards so that the elbow is turned out as it is struck out’)
Ngak Chui (‘Hammer fist’)
Huen Chui (‘Round Punch or circling punch’)